Rhinitis is the acute or chronic, infectious, allergic, or irritative inflammation of the nasal mucosa. The most severe cases are mainly caused by viruses, while chronic or recurrent cases are usually determined by allergic rhinitis, induced by exposure to components that are more likely to cause allergies in people, including house dust mites, cockroaches, fungi, epithelium, urine, and animal saliva (dog and cat). The main irritants are cigarette smoke and some ingredients used in cleaning and building products.
Like all allergies, rhinitis can have two phases:
The first, called immediate, occurs minutes after the stimulus; and the second, called the late or inflammatory phase, occurs four to eight hours after the stimulus.
The most common symptoms are runny nose, nasal obstruction or itching, and many sneezes, one after another. They are often accompanied by eye symptoms, such as itching, redness, and tearing. These symptoms may improve spontaneously. In chronic cases, loss of taste and smell can occur. Keep your home clean and ventilated at all times to help control the disease.
The diagnosis of allergic rhinitis is clinical, based on history and physical examination data. It is currently classified based on the intensity of symptoms and their impact on the patient’s quality of life.
It is important to consult a physician who will investigate the causes of allergies and recommend the most appropriate treatment to control the disease, promote prevention, and relieve symptoms safely and effectively.
Measures to prevent rhinitis attacks;
– Stop smoking
– Lose weight (when indicated)
– Prevent overweight and obesity
– Get involved in physical activity
– Reduce exposure to triggers, such as exposure to dust mites or mold-related allergens, secondhand smoke, pets if sensitized, strong odors, and air pollution.
Combats allergic rhinitis:
Natural treatment of allergic rhinitis can be done with the use of medicinal plants such as eucalyptus and thyme for inhalations, nettle tea or Petasites hybridus supplement.
However, since this type of rhinitis is caused by an allergic reaction, it is also very important to strengthen the immune system, which can be done by taking probiotics to regularize the gut, but also with dietary changes.
Although this type of treatment does not guarantee a cure for rhinitis, it can help to greatly relieve the symptoms and delay the appearance of new flares, and is an excellent way to complete the treatment recommended by the doctor.
Allergic rhinitis arises due to an exaggerated response of the immune system to different stimuli from the environment, resulting in inflammation of the tissues of the nose. An excellent natural way to regulate this response is to take probiotics to improve the intestinal flora.
This is because in the gut there are small lymph nodes that are able to regulate inflammation in the body. Therefore, when the intestine does not have enough probiotics, there is too much inflammation in the body, which facilitates an exaggerated response, resulting in a greater ease of developing allergies, such as allergic rhinitis.
So, ideally, people who suffer from allergic rhinitis should take a probiotic supplement every day for at least 2 to 3 months, to regulate the gut and improve the immune system response, reducing flares of allergic rhinitis. However, if someone suffers from constipation, it is recommended to first do a bowel cleanse before starting the use of probiotics.
Make dietary changes:
Just like probiotics, foods also help prevent inflammation in the gut and consequently the whole body. To ensure good intestinal health it is very important to increase your intake of natural products such as vegetables, legumes, and cheese, for example, and to avoid all processed products.
In addition, foods with a lot of sugar should also be avoided, because sugar facilitates the development of pathogenic bacteria, and contributes to inflammation in the body. A good food option for cases of allergic rhinitis is to follow the Mediterranean diet, which focuses on the consumption of anti-inflammatory foods, such as olive oil and garlic, for example.
Use medicinal plants:
Many plants help to decrease the immune system’s over-response and decrease inflammation in the body, and are a great home option to relieve the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. These plants can be used along with the treatment indicated by the doctor, to speed recovery and avoid such frequent flares. Some examples are:
Drinking nettle tea:
Nettle is a medicinal plant that allows you to block the effects of histamine in the body, the substance responsible for the inflammatory response in cases of allergy. Thus, drinking this tea throughout the day helps relieve the symptoms of allergic rhinitis, especially runny nose, itching and stuffy nose sensation.
– 2 tablespoons (coffee) of chopped nettle leaves;
– 200 ml water.
How to prepare:
Boil the water and add the nettle leaves, then let it stand for 10 minutes, strain and take 3 to 4 cups of tea a day.
Another option is to take nettle capsules at a dose of 300 to 350 mg, 2 to 3 times a day.
Take a supplement of Petasites hybridus:
This plant, like nettle, also reduces the effects of histamine, thus reducing inflammation in the airways. In addition, it is also able to decrease the production of mucus and secretions, greatly alleviating the symptoms of runny nose and stuffy nose, common in allergic rhinitis.
This plant can usually be found in supplement form in health food stores and should be taken in a dose of 50 to 100 mg twice a day. Ideally, the 50 to 100 mg dose of this supplement should contain at least 7.5 mg of petasin.
Inhale with thyme or eucalyptus:
Thyme and eucalyptus are plants with excellent airway properties that can reduce inflammation and allow secretions to escape, relieving the runny and stuffy feeling of allergic rhinitis.
– 2 handfuls of thyme or eucalyptus leaves;
– 1 liter of boiling water.
Pour the water into a basin and mix the thyme or eucalyptus leaves, let it sit for 5 minutes, then cover your head with a cloth and breathe in the steam, letting your nose run.
Take omega 3:
Omega 3 is a healthy fat with potent anti-inflammatory action that can reduce the production of various inflammatory substances in the body, thus reducing the chances that the immune system will over-respond and produce an allergy.
To obtain the benefits of omega 3 you can consume it in supplement form, or increase your intake of omega 3 foods, such as salmon, avocados, or sardines, for example.
Avoid dust mite buildup:
Tips to avoid the buildup of dust mites, which are a major cause of allergic rhinitis, include:
– Clean rooms frequently, giving preference to the use of vacuum cleaners with special filters, as using a broom and dustpan can spread dust.
– Use a damp cloth to clean furniture and objects that accumulate dust.
– Remove stuffed animals, carpets, curtains, rugs, cushions, and other objects that can accumulate dust in the environment where people with allergic rhinitis live.
Contact with products such as perfumes, cigarette smoke, insecticides, and pollution should also be avoided so that they do not cause respiratory irritation.